Otolaryngology specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of ear, nose, throat, and also head AND neck disorders. The full cumberson name of the specialty is otolaryngology-head and neck surgery. Practitioners are called otolaryngologists-head and neck surgeons, or sometimes otorhinolaryngologists (ORL). The commonly used term for this specialty is ENT (ear, nose and throat) (oto = ear, rhino = nose, larynx = throat). Otolaryngologists are medical or osteopathic doctors who have complete at least five years of surgical residency training. This includes one year in general surgical training and four years in otolaryngology – head and neck surgery. Otolaryngology is considered to be one of the most competitive residency fields. Following residency training, some otolaryngologists elect advanced sub-speciality fellowship training which can range from one to three years in duration.
Sub-specialties and the areas of treament they address:
Rhinology (sinus diseases and anterior skull base)
Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery