Condyloma, Condyloma Acuminatum, Condyloma Latum, Condyloma Subcutaneum (Molluscum Contagiosum)
A condyloma is a wartlike growth around the anus, vulva, or glans penis. There are three major types of condylomas, each of which is sexually transmitted. These include condyloma acuminatum or genital warts, condyloma latum (a form of secondary syphilis), and condyloma subcutaneum or molluscum contagiosum.
Condyloma acuminatum (Genital wart) is a wart in the moist skin of the genitals or around the anus. Genital warts are due to the human papillomavirus (HPV). HPVs, including those that cause genital warts, are transmitted through sexual contact. HPV can also be transmitted from mother to baby during childbirth. Most people infected with HPV have no symptoms, but these viruses increase a woman’s risk for cancer of the cervix. HPV infection is the most common sexually transmitted disease in the US. It is also the leading cause of abnormal PAP smears and pre-cancerous changes of the cervix in women. There is no cure for HPV infection, although anti-viral medications can reduce outbreaks and topical preparations can speed healing. Once contracted, the virus can stay with a person for life.
Condyloma latum is a manifestation of the secondary stage of syphilis that takes the form of broad flat wartlike growths in moist creased areas, as around the anus and external genitalia.
Condyloma subcutaneum (Molluscum contagiosum) is a wartlike growths around the anus and genitals caused by a virus. Molluscum contagiosum is a contagious disease of the skin marked by the occurrence of soft rounded tumors of the skin caused by the growth of a virus belonging to the family Poxviridae. The disease is characterized by the appearance of few to numerous small, pearly, umbilicated downgrowths (the condyloma subcutaneum).