Aviation Medicine (Flight Medicine) (Aerospace Medicine)
Aviation medicine, also called flight medicine or aerospace medicine, is a branch of preventive or occupational medicine in which the patients are pilots and aircrews. The specialty strives to treat or prevent conditions to which aircrews are particularly susceptible, applies medical knowledge to the human factors in aviation and is thus a critical component of aviation safety. A military practitioner of aviation medicine may be called a flight surgeon and a civilian practitioner is an aviation medical examiner. Aviation medicine attmpts to discover and prevent adverse responses to hostile biologic and physical stresses encountered in the aerospace environment. Problems range from recognizing ear pain in an infant subjected to cabin pressure changes to prevention of cabin fever in astronauts. Aeromedical certification of pilots, aircrew and patients is also part of Aviation Medicine. A final subdivision is the AeroMedical Transportation Specialty who are concerned with protecting aircrew and patients who are transported by AirEvac aircraft (helicopters or fixed-wing airplanes).