An antimalarial is a drug directed against the malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum). The original antimalarial agent was quinine which took its name from the Peruvian Indian word “kina” meaning “bark of the tree.” A large and complex molecule, quinine is the most important alkaloid found in cinchona bark. Until World War I, it was the only effective treatment for malaria. In fact, quinine was the first chemical compound to be successfully used to treat an infectious disease.
Here is a list of meds currently used against malaria:
- Lariam ( Mefloquine)
- Paludrine (Avloclor)
- Proguanil (Chloroquine)