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Eye Retraction Syndrome (Duane Syndrome) Print E-mail

Dr. Kennedy The eye retraction syndrome (or Duane syndrome) is a congenital eye movement disorder in which there is miswiring of the eye muscles, causing some eye muscles to contract when they should not and other eye muscles not to contract when they should. People with the syndrome have a limited (and sometimes no) ability to move the eye outward toward the ear (to abduct the eye) and, in most cases, a limited ability to move the eye inward toward the nose (to adduct the eye). Often, when the eye moves toward the nose, the eyeball also pulls into the socket (retracts), the eye opening narrows and, in some cases, the eye moves upward or downward. Many patients with Duane syndrome turn their face to maintain binocular vision and compensate for improper turning of the eyes. Duane syndrome is unilateral (with only one eye affected) in about 80% of cases. The remaining 20% of cases are bilateral (with both eyes affected) with one eye usually more severely affected than the other.

The information in this article is not meant to be medical advice.�Treatment for a medical condition should come at the recommendation of your personal physician.

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