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The Hunger Project Bolen Report
Ohm Society
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Dementia Print E-mail

Dr. Kennedy Dementia involves significant loss of intellectual abilities such as memory capacity which is severe enough to interfere with social or occupational functioning. Criteria for the diagnosis of dementia include impairment of attention, orientation, memory, judgment, language, motor and spatial skills, and function. By definition, dementia is not due to major depression or schizophrenia. Dementia is reported in as many as 1% of adults 60 years of age. It is estimated that the frequency of dementia doubles every five years after 60 years of age.

There are many causes of dementia, including (in alphabetical order):

  • AIDS (due to HIV infection)
  • alcoholism (the dementia is due to thiamine deficiency)
  • Alzheimer's disease (the most common cause)
  • brain injury
  • brain tumors
  • Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
  • dementia with Lewy bodies (tiny round structures made of proteins that develop within nerve cells in the brain)
  • drug toxicity
  • encephalitis
  • meningitis
  • Pick disease (a slowly progressive deterioration of social skills and changes in personality leading to impairment of intellect, memory, and language)
  • syphilis
  • thyroid disease (hypothyroidism)
  • vascular dementia (damage to the blood vessels leading to the brain).


The information in this article is not meant to be medical advice.�Treatment for a medical condition should come at the recommendation of your personal physician.

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