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Orthopedics (Orthopedic Surgery) Print E-mail

Dr. Kennedy Orthopedic surgery or orthopedics is the branch of surgery concerned with injuries and disorders of the musculo-skeletal system. Orthopedic surgeons address most musculo-skeletal ailments including arthritis, trauma and congenital deformities using both surgical and non-surgical means. In the U.S. orthopedic surgeons have completed applied training in orthopedic surgery after medical school and attainment of the M.D. or D.O. degrees. Orthopedic surgeons (also known as orthopedists) complete a minimum of 10 years of post-secondary (after college) education and clinical training including a five-year residency in orthopedic surgery (one year of general surgery and four years of training in orthopedic surgery). Many orthopedic surgeons elect to do further sub-specialty training, typically one year in duration, sometimes two.

Sub-specialty trainings in the US are:

  • Hand surgery (also performed by Plastic Surgeons)
  • Shoulder and elbow surgery
  • Total joint reconstruction (arthroplasty)
  • Pediatric orthopedics
  • Foot and ankle surgery (Also performed by podiatry)
  • Spine surgery (Also performed by neurosurgeons)
  • Musculoskeletal oncology
  • Surgical sports medicine
  • Orthopedic trauma

Orthopedic surgeons treat most musculo-skeletal ailments including arthritis, trauma and congenital deformities using both surgical and non-surgical means. The top 25 most common procedures (in order) performed by orthopaedic surgeons are as follows:

  • Knee arthroscopy and meniscectomy
  • Shoulder arthroscopy and decompression
  • Carpal tunnel release
  • Knee arthroscopy and chondroplasty
  • Removal of support implant
  • Knee arthroscopy and anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction
  • Knee replacement
  • Repair of femoral neck fracture
  • Repair of trochanteric fracture
  • Debridement of skin/muscle/bone/fracture
  • Knee arthroscopy repair of both menisci
  • Hip replacement
  • Shoulder arthroscopy/distal clavicle excision
  • Repair of rotator cuff tendon
  • Repair fracture of radius (bone)/ulna
  • Laminectomy
  • Repair of ankle fracture (bimalleolar type)
  • Shoulder arthroscopy and débridement
  • Lumbar spinal fusion
  • Repair fracture of the distal part of radius
  • Low back intervertebral disc surgery
  • Incise finger tendon sheath
  • Repair of ankle fracture (fibula)
  • Repair of femoral shaft fracture
  • Repair of trochanteric fracture


The information in this article is not meant to be medical advice.�Treatment for a medical condition should come at the recommendation of your personal physician.

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