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Obstetrics and Gynecology Print E-mail

Dr. Kennedy Obstetrics and Gynecology (OB/GYN) are the two surgical specialties dealing with the female reproductive organs, and are combined to form a single medical speciality. Training prepares the practicing OB/GYN specialist to be skilled at the surgical management of the entire scope of clinical problems involving female reproductive organs, and to provide care for both pregnant and non-pregnant patients. All gynecologists are, therefore, also trained obstetricians, although the reverse is not necessarily true. Some OB/GYNs drop the obstetric component of their practice and focus solely on gynecology, especially as they get older. This decision is often based on the stress of late hours. The training for physicians in this field is often quite arduous. In the United States OB/GYN specialists require four years of education at an accredited college or university, followed by four years of medical school and four years in residency. Some OB/GYN surgeons elect to do further subspecialty training after completing their residency training, although the majority choose to enter private or academic practice as general OB/GYNs. Training in an obstetric or gynecologic sub-speciality can range from one to four years in duration, and usually has a research component.

Examples of subspecialty training available to physicians in the US are:

  • Maternal-Fetal Medicine - medical and surgical management of high-risk pregnancies
  • Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility - the medical and surgical evaluation of women with problems related to the menstrual cycle and fertility
  • Gynecological Oncology - the medical and surgical treatment of women with cancers of the reproductive organs
  • Urogynecology and Pelvic Reconstructive Surgery - the diagnosis and surgical treatment of women with urinary incontinence and prolapse of the pelvic organs.
  • Advanced Laparoscopic Surgery
  • Family Planning - contraception and (sometimes) pregnancy termination (abortion)
  • Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
  • Menopausal and Geriatric Gynecology

The information in this article is not meant to be medical advice.�Treatment for a medical condition should come at the recommendation of your personal physician.

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