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Cheilitis (Cheilosis) and Angular Cheilitis (Angular Cheilosis) Print E-mail

Dr. Kennedy Cheilitis is Inflammation of the lips or of a lip. It can also be spelled chilitis. Angular cheilitis is inflammation and fissuring radiating from the commissures (angles) of the mouth secondary to predisposing factors such as nutritional deficiencies, atopic dermatitis, or Candida albicans (yeast) infection. It is also called cheilosis and commissural cheilitis. It is inflammation at the labial commissure (corner of the mouth), and often occurs bilaterally and appearing as deep cracks or splits. In severe cases, the splits can bleed when the mouth is opened and shallow ulcers or a crust may form. The sores of angular cheilitis may become infected by the fungus Candida albicans (thrush), or other pathogens. Studies have linked the initial onset with nutritional deficiencies, namely vitamin B - Riboflavin (B2) and Cyanocobalamin (B12) - and iron deficiency anemia, which in turn may be evidence of poor diets or malnutrition (e.g. celiac disease). Angular cheilitis occurs more frequently in the elderly population which experiences loss of teeth, thus allowing for over-closure of the mouth. Less severe cases occur when it is very cold and is widely known as having "chapped lips." Licking the lips in an attempt to provide temporary relief only makes the condition worse.

The information in this article is not meant to be medical advice.�Treatment for a medical condition should come at the recommendation of your personal physician.

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